Air Cargo Outlook and Existing freight forward Market Introduction
It’s been an interesting period for the air cargo industry as volumes have been trending downwards since the first half of last year, while the capacity situation continues to change and rates remain above pre-Covid levels despite recent declines.
The fall in volumes reflects high inflation that is affecting consumer spending, the ongoing war in Ukraine’s effect on trade flows, the strength of the US dollar and high inventory levels amongst many major retailers.
Meanwhile, the recovery of the ocean industry has seen market share gained during the pandemic move back to the box shipping industry.
Looking ahead, IATA has predicted a 4.3% decline in air cargo volumes this year to 57.7m tonnes and yields are expected to decline by around 22%.
DSV executive vice president air and sea in the US Mads Ravn agrees that the outlook is tough, although he is hoping for an improvement later in the year.
“We do not know how and when the global economy will recover, but a small uptick in the second half of 2023 is realistic,” he says.
“Inventory levels still need to replenish to meet demand, and with a looming recession, we do not see that happening until the second quarter for particular retail commodities.
“There is massive pressure on cost savings from all sectors after logistics spend went through the roof in the past couple of years.
“Transit time on the ocean has improved, and with slow demand, we see air cargo levels declining further in the short term.”
He adds there are also uncertainties around China’s re-opening and the situation around Russia.
Factors affecting freight forwarder freight forward Freight transportation
In international freight transport, one of the most concerning issues is the price of freight transport. The cost is directly related to the cost of transportation. Because many exporters do not understand the price of transportation very much, and often have a lot of extra spending, then today to understand the factors of the price of international freight transportation?
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The transportation prices are different for different freight forward
In the general international trade process, the price of transport according to different modes of transport, price is also different. International freight rates are divided into sea freight, air freight and rail freight.
The specific freight forward freight rate can also be subdivided. For example, rail freight can be divided into passenger freight and freight. Shipping rates are also divided into tramp rates and liner rates. Tramp rates are also affected by market supply and demand relations at that time, while liner transport costs are relatively fixed. Airfreight can be divided into general goods, designated goods and special goods, and the specific transportation price is also determined according to the weight of transportation, at the same time, even if the volume is small, the weight is also counted by weight, but if the opposite is large, small weight, also according to the specific volume to calculate.
The choice of international logistics, the quality of logistics will affect the seller's store score, but also affect customer satisfaction rate.
Logistics advantages of the freight forward in the destination country and region
In Eastern Europe, DHL has advantages in Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, Hungary and other places while EMS has advantages in Greece, Russia, Turkey and other places. Western Europe, Northern Europe, southern Europe can use DHL international express, TNT international express, these two kinds of customs clearance capacity. TNT has a clear advantage in the Netherlands and Belgium.
For Canada, the United States and other American countries, FedEx, UPS and DHL are all suitable for their strong customs clearance capacity and fast time.
Applicable to Asia, South Korea, Japan, Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries DHL, FedEx. DHL and FedEx are time-saving, but THE price of DHL is higher. Indonesia also suggests USING DHL because it has a stronger customs clearance capacity.
In Oceania, DHL and UPS aging fast, with high prices; TNT and FedEx have lower prices but relatively few outlets. Particular attention should be paid to the "Made in China" label on the packaging of Australian products.
Middle East express ARAMEX, EMS for Middle East region. Commercial express in Africa is very expensive. In remote areas, IT is suggested to send EMS international express. EMS countries have the strongest customs clearance capacity. The air express freight forward can reach many countries and regions that commercial express and postal express cannot reach, so the wide range of freight forward transportation is its advantage.
Factors affecting the shipping price of freight forward
In the process of international transportation, there are many factors affecting the price of transportation, in addition to some fuel and labor costs, there are many important factors. For example, the nature of the freight forward, its own value and packaging form, as well as stowage factor and transporter's requirements for transportation, etc. There will be some fixed costs during the use of the ship, such as the ship's maintenance insurance and fuel consumption. There is also the change of supply and demand in the freight forward market. In the transport off-season, transport prices are relatively low, in the transport of the peak season, transport prices will be relatively high.
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