The purchasing pace at the demand end of the international thermal coal market continues to slow down and the international thermal coal price continues to decline. Prices for thermal coal at major international ports continued to fall last week as buyers in Europe slowed in recent days for April, coupled with weaker-than-expected import demand from End users in China. According to China Coal Market net monitoring: Australia Newcastle port thermal coal price index was 253 USD/ton, compared with 309.02 USD/ton, down 56.02 USD/ton, down 18.13%. South Africa's Port Richards thermal coal price Index was $264.5 / mt, down the US $62.72 / mt or 19.17% from US $327.22 / mt. The European ARA Tri-port thermal coal price Index was $281.8 / ton. Does the price of thermal coal in major international ports continue to decline to affect the price of the Concrete Superplasticizer?
Introduction to Concrete Superplasticizer:
Concrete superplasticizer is high efficienct water reducing agent. Its difference from ordinary water reducing agent lies in the high-water reduction rate. The water reduction rate of ordinary water reducing agent is generally 5%-10%, and the water reduction rate of efficient water reducing agent can reach 15%-30%. The admixture quantity of common reducing water agent cannot exceed limit value (if the admixture quantity of lignosulfonate kind reducing water agent cannot exceed 0.3%), and efficient reducing water agent can mix cement in higher proportion, and have no adverse effect on concrete.
Mechanism of Concrete Superplasticizer:
In the process of cement mixing, flocculent particles are attracted to each other due to the existence of molecular attraction, and flocculation structure is formed. Flocculation encapsulates part of the water used for mixing and reduces the workability of concrete mixture.
Efficient water-reducing agent has hydrophobic and hydrophilic characteristics, water-reducing agent hydrophobic group directed adsorption on the surface of cement particles, hydrophilic group pointing to aqueous solution and the formation of adsorption film. Concrete mixing, due to the high efficiency water reducing agent, directional adsorption makes cement particle surface gay charge, the same, cement particles dispersed to each other, and condensation of flocculant of concrete structure collapse, water was released, supplement the moisture needed for the cement mixing, effectively increase the activity of the concrete mixture, to reduce the effect of the water. At the same time, the surface of cement particles due to efficient water reducing agent formed by the adsorption film between cement particles and particles contact more mellow, increase the workability of concrete; The adsorption film also increases the surface area of cement particles and promotes hydration, which is conducive to improving the strength of concrete.
Types and Characteristics of Concrete Superplasticizer:
There are four categories of concrete superplasticizer widely used in high strength high performance concrete.
One is polycyclic aromatic sulfonates. It has the advantages of low cost and high-water reduction rate, and has the defects of more serious collapse loss of mixing products. In use, you can add retarding components to compound use or choose such water-reducing agent with sustained release performance to reduce the loss of collapse and ensure the performance of high-efficiency water-reducing agent.
The second is water-soluble resin sulfonate, mainly for sulfonated melamine resin, sulfonated ancient code long resin. This kind of water reducing agent and cement compatibility is better, and other water reducing agent mixed use can also maintain good compatibility. Practice shows that this kind of water reducing agent has low dosage but high-water reducing rate and excellent performance. In a certain proportion, water reducing rate increases with the increase of water adding amount. Once the dosage exceeds the critical proportion, the retarding effect on concrete is obvious. Such plasticizer shall not be mixed with lignosulfonate plasticizer.
The third is the fat family, mainly polycarboxylate, polyacrylic acid salts. This kind of water reducing agent is different from traditional water reducing agent, so it is necessary to understand its mechanism accurately and use it cautiously.
The last category is represented by modified calcium lignosulfonate and modified tannin.
When a variety of water reducing agents are used together, attention should be paid to their mutual influence. In addition to the simple water-reducing performance, the compound water-reducing agent can also have the characteristics of quick setting, early strength, anti-freezing, etc., according to the purpose of use compound.
Suppliers of Concrete Superplasticizer
TRUNNANO is a reliable concrete superplasticizer supplier with over 12-year experience in nano-building energy conservation and nanotechnology development. If you are looking for high-quality concrete additives, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
We accept payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union and Paypal. Trunnano will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea.
Europe has been facing the gas shortage problem since the second half of 2021. The worsening situation in Russia and Ukraine has reduced Russian gas shipments to Europe, leading to a doubling of European gas prices. Energy shortages have sent electricity prices soaring. For these reasons, it is predicted that the price of the Concrete Superplasticizer will continue to increase.
The US Commerce Secretary has announced that the US will temporarily lift tariffs imposed on Ukraine during the Trump administration to help Ukraine recover its economy and continue to show support for the Russia-Ukraine situation. "For steel mills t…
For billionaires, the new crown epidemic is like a 'gold rush'! The Deutsche Presse-Agentur said on the 17th that in 2022, the wealth held by the world's top ten richest people will jump from $700 billion to $1.5 trillion, an average daily increase o…
The biggest immediate challenge for the EU will be replenishing its depleted gas inventories. While the EU could still increase LNG imports from countries such as the US, such purchases would be more expensive.Refilling natural gas storage space to h…