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Surfactant-enhanced ultrasonic extraction of polymer substances from remaining sludge cocamidopropyl


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Wastewater source utilization is the future advancement direction of sewage therapy and is additionally an inescapable requirement for sustainable human growth. Raw material extracted from sewer or sludge, such as minerals and phospholipids, can be used as printing and dyeing raw materials, primary adsorbents, and biological flocculants. It is utilized in water therapy, farming, gardening, the paper sector, medical care, the building and construction market, and other fields and has wonderful relevance. Reusing value.


There are several types of microorganisms in the continuing to be sludge. For that reason, the materials removed from it must be a mix of various polymer compounds. Whether they are intracellular or extracellular polymer compounds, they all have normal active groups, such as carboxyl, hydroxyl, and phosphate. Groups and various other useful teams. The existence of these teams allows the drawn out polymer substances to be used as hefty metal ion adsorbents.

As a clean therapy technology, ultrasonic waves do not require the addition of chemicals throughout the action and will certainly not cause additional pollution. Ultrasonic waves can disperse flocs in the water phase, and the cavitation effect can break large particles into little fragments. Ultrasound is an energy-intensive therapy method, and its biggest drawback is its high energy usage, which limits the possibility of functional applications. Surfactant has a solubilizing result, which can wash off proteins on the cell membrane, enhance the permeability of the cell membrane by influencing the osmotic pressure, and increase the damages to the sludge floc. In addition, surfactant action can promote the removal of EPS from continuing to be sludge, transform the cell structure, and affect sludge residential properties.

Surfactant-enhanced ultrasonic methods can be made use of to extract all-natural polymer materials and as a pretreatment technique to reduce power usage. The boost in the removal amount of PSs from the continuing to be sludge under the activity of surfactant-enhanced ultrasound is because of the release of raw material because of floc fragmentation and cell dissolution.


First, surfactants, such as anionic (such as salt dodecyl sulfate, SDS) and cationic (such as cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB), are made use of to boost the partnership in between sludge and polymer substances. Communications between. They can minimize the surface tension of sludge, making it less complicated for polymer materials to divide from sludge.

Subsequently, ultrasound is introduced to enhance the extraction result even more. The strong resonance and shock waves created by ultrasonic waves can ruin the structure of sludge and rupture cell wall surfaces, consequently releasing even more polymer substances. Furthermore, ultrasound can likewise promote the communication between surfactants and polymer substances, making the removal process a lot more effective.

Throughout the removal procedure, it is additionally necessary to enhance the experimental specifications, such as the regularity, power, and activity time of ultrasonic waves, to achieve the most effective removal impact.


As a whole, surfactant-enhanced ultrasonic extraction of polymer substances in residual sludge is an efficient and innovative method. It not only enhances extraction performance but likewise helps broaden the extent of source usage of staying sludge, giving new possibilities for the advancement of sewer therapy and resource healing areas. Nonetheless, the practical application of this technique needs further study and optimization to address feasible technical problems and economic concerns.


Surfactantchina is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years experience in providing super high-quality surfactant and relative materials. The company export to many countries, such as USA, Canada,Europe,UAE,South Africa, etc. As a leading nanotechnology development manufacturer, surfactanthina dominates the market. Our professional work team provides perfect solutions to help improve the efficiency of various industries, create value, and easily cope with various challenges. If you are looking for cocamidopropyl, please send an email to: nanotrun@yahoo.com

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